[Usaco2005 Mar]Yogurt factory

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题目描述

The cows have purchased a yogurt factory that makes world-famous Yucky Yogurt. Over the next N (1 <= N <= 10,000) weeks, the price of milk and labor will fluctuate weekly such that it will cost the company C_i (1 <= C_i <= 5,000) cents to produce one unit of yogurt in week i. Yucky's factory, being well-designed, can produce arbitrarily many units of yogurt each week. Yucky Yogurt owns a warehouse that can store unused yogurt at a constant fee of S (1 <= S <= 100) cents per unit of yogurt per week. Fortuitously, yogurt does not spoil. Yucky Yogurt's warehouse is enormous, so it can hold arbitrarily many units of yogurt. Yucky wants to find a way to make weekly deliveries of Y_i (0 <= Y_i <= 10,000) units of yogurt to its clientele (Y_i is the delivery quantity in week i). Help Yucky minimize its costs over the entire N-week period. Yogurt produced in week i, as well as any yogurt already in storage, can be used to meet Yucky's demand for that week.

吨酸奶。酸奶的生产受到很多因素的影响,所以每个月的生产成本是变化的,其中第 i 个月的成本是

每吨 Ci 元。

奶牛可以提前里把酸奶做好,存在仓库里,等需要的时候再拿出来卖。存储在仓库里的酸奶,每

吨酸奶存放一个月需要支付 S 元的维护费用,存放的时间可以任意长。假设工厂的产量是无限的,存

储酸奶的仓库也是无限大的。请问为了满足订单的需要,奶牛生产这些酸奶最少要花多少钱?


输入格式

* Line 1: Two space-separated integers, N and S.

 * Lines 2..N+1: Line i+1 contains two space-separated integers: C_i and Y_i.

• 第一行:两个整数 N 和 S,1 ≤ N ≤ 10000, 1 ≤ S ≤ 100
• 第二行到第 N + 1 行:第 i + 1 行有两个整数 Ci 和 Ai,1 ≤ Ci ≤ 5000, 1 ≤ Ai ≤ 10000


输出格式

* Line 1: Line 1 contains a single integer: the minimum total cost to satisfy the yogurt schedule. Note that the total might be too large for a 32-bit integer.

• 单个整数:表示生产酸奶的最小总费用


样例输入

4 5
88 200
89 400
97 300
91 500

样例输出

126900

OUTPUT DETAILS:
第一个月生产 200 吨酸奶;第二个月生产
700 吨酸奶,并存下 300 吨;第三个月不生产酸
奶;第三个月生产 500 吨

提示

没有写明提示


题目来源

Silver