Selling Land

时间限制:1s      空间限制:128MB

题目描述

Figure 1: In this example, dark squares represent swamp. Per may, for example, sell three overlapping grey areas, with dimensions 2×1, 2×4 and 4×1 respectively. The total perimeter is 6 + 12 + 10=28. Note that he can get more money by selling even more land. This figure corresponds to the case in the sample input.

Now Per would like to know how many parcels of each perimeter he needs to sell in order to maximize his profit. Can you help him? You may assume that he can always find a buyer for each piece of land, as long as it doesn't contain any swamps. Also, Per is sure that no square within his parcel is owned by somebody else.

给一个01矩阵,对每个右下角位置求以它为右下角“周长”最大的矩形
输出选的矩形中周长是x的有几个?

 

As you may know, the country of Absurdistan is full of abnormalities. For example, the whole country can be divided into unit squares that are either grass or swamp. Also, the country is famous for its incapable bureaucrats. If you want to buy a piece of land (called a parcel), you can only buy a rectangular area, because they cannot handle other shapes. The price of the parcel is determined by them and is proportional to the perimeter of the parcel, since the bureaucrats are unable to multiply integers and thus cannot calculate the area of the parcel.

Per owns a parcel in Absurdistan surrounded by swamp and he wants to sell it, possibly in parts, to some buyers. When he sells a rectangular part of his land, he is obliged to announce this to the local bureaucrats. They will first tell him the price he is supposed to sell it for. Then they will write down the name of the new owner and the coordinates of the south-east corner of the parcel being sold. If somebody else already owns a parcel with a south-east corner at the same spot, the bureaucrats will deny the change of ownership.

Per realizes that he can easily trick the system. He can sell overlapping areas, because bureaucrats only check whether the south-east corners are identical. However, nobody wants to buy a parcel containing swamp.

 


输入格式

On the first line a positive integer: the number of test cases, at most 100. After that per test case:

One line with two integers n and m (1 ≤ n, m ≤ 1 000): the dimensions of Per's parcel.

n lines, each with m characters. Each character is either `#' or `.'. The j-th character on the i-th line is a `#' if position (i, j) is a swamp, and `.' if it is grass. The north-west corner of Per's parcel has coordinates (1, 1), and the south-east corner has coordinates (n,m).


输出格式

Per test case:

Zero or more lines containing a complete list of how many parcels of each perimeter Per needs to sell in order to maximize his profit. More specifically, if Per should sell pi parcels of perimeter i in the optimal solution, output a single line "pi x i". The lines should be sorted in increasing order of i. No two lines should have the same value of i, and you should not output lines with pi=0.


样例输入

1
6 5
..#.#
.#...
#..##
...#.
#....
#..#.

样例输出

6 x 4  //周长为四的,有六个
5 x 6  //周长为六的,有五个.
5 x 8
3 x 10
1 x 12


提示

鸣谢wjbzbrm


题目来源

没有写明来源