[Usaco2012 Nov]Cow Breeds

时间限制:10s      空间限制:128MB

题目描述

Farmer John usually brands his cows with a circular mark, but his branding iron is broken, so he instead must settle for branding each cow with a mark in the shape of a parenthesis -- (. He has two breeds of cows on his farm: Holsteins and Guernseys. He brands each of his cows with a parenthesis-shaped mark. Depending on which direction the cow is facing, this might look like either a left parenthesis or a right parenthesis.
FJ's N cows are all standing in a row, each facing an arbitrary direction, so the marks on the cows look like a string of parentheses of length N. Looking at this lineup, FJ sees a remarkable pattern: if he scans from left to right through just the Holsteins (in the order they appear in the sequence), this gives a balanced string of parentheses; moreover, the same is true for the Guernseys! To see if this is truly a rare event, please help FJ compute the number of possible ways he could assign breeds to his N cows so that this property holds.
There are several ways to define what it means for a string of parentheses to be "balanced". Perhaps the simplest definition is that there must be the same total number of ('s and )'s, and for any prefix of the string, there must be at least as many ('s as )'s. For example, following strings are all balanced:
()
(())
()(()())
while these are not:
)(
())(
((())))
 
问题描述
给定一个长度为n的括号序列,每个要么是’(‘,要么是’)’。你可以把每个位置的括号编号为H,或者是编号为G,要求编号后的括号序列所有编号为H的括号连在一起是合法的,所有编号为G的括号连在一起也是合法的。
其中:
     ()是合法的;
     A是合法的,则(A)是合法的;
     AB都是合法的,则AB是合法的。
那么不同的编号方式有多少种?答案对2012取模。
 


输入格式

       一个长度为n的括号序列。
 


输出格式

 
       不同的编号方式对2012取模后的值。
 


样例输入

       (())
 

样例输出

       6
 
样例说明
(())
HHHH
(())
GGGG
(())
HGGH
(())
GHHG
(())
HGHG
(())
GHGH
 
数据范围
       对于100%的数据满足:1 <= n <= 1,000。

提示

没有写明提示


题目来源

Silver